Shop Rates

Classification Of Costs – Fixed and Variable Costs

There are many facets of costing and breaking costing into these four categories helps in understanding Fixed and Variable Costs Direct and Indirect Costs Costs are generally classified as to whether or not they vary with the quantity of parts being manufactured.  Many times this can be described as a Setup Cost because it does…

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Engineering Costs

Engineering costs for many years have basically been included in the standard burden rate of the shop.  There are many situations now in this world where manufacturing is very competitive and technical that the standard burden rate of the shop cannot include all the costs associated with the engineering costs. Direct Engineering Costs Direct engineering…

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Material Estimating

Material estimating can be simple to complex depending on the particular job you are estimating.   Raw material is a commodity which could include metal sheets, wood, bars, plastic, plates, block of metal, etc.  These items are purchased from a supplier and are usually priced at a per unit weight price. A few examples 1.…

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Direct Labor Costs

Direct labor costs are those costs which are performed during the production of some product.  The product can be any type of item from a machined part, computer and vehicle.  Labor is required to change a raw material into a product that may be sold or given away.  Direct labor is calculated by taking the…

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Manufacturing Costs

Manufacturing costs consist of multiple elements which arrive at the full cost.  When estimating a product to be manufactured the entire costs are distributed between the following elements. Material Costs – This includes both raw materials, which is reshaped, formed, etc to produce the item and purchased prefabricated items, like nuts, bolts, screws.  The raw…

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Fixed and Variable Costs

There are two main types of costs – fixed and variable.  If something is being manufactured, it consists of both fixed and variable costs.  Fixed costs are those that do not change based on a quantity.  This means the cost is fixed if you produce 1 or 1000 pieces.  Some of these costs would be…

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Job Costing Software

Job Costing has been around for many years to determine the cost of manufacturing a given product.  The process by which the expenses are record is costing.  Job costing software should make the process of recording the transaction simpler and not more difficult and time consuming.  Job costing software is not like cost accounting because it does…

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Techniques for Cost Estimating

The basic cost estimating techniques involve analyzing all factors that make up a cost estimate. The first technique I would follow is to go through the following steps, systematically, and costing each one out in detail. Once you have gone through the basic steps, you will have all the cost information required for the estimate. 1.…

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Cost Estimate Types

There are different types of cost estimates including “Rough Approximation” of cost which can be a conceptual design, preliminary design and then a detailed estimate or quote. Rough Approximation The rough approximation is really prepared for informational purposes only.   This type of estimate may not have geometry or even materials but just a rough idea…

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