Posts Tagged ‘bill of material’

Direct and Indirect Costs

Fixed and variable costs can now be broken down into two more cost types: direct and indirect costs. These classify the costs of parts being manufactured and are critical to calculating shop overhead rates.  Direct costs are those costs that are directly associated with the production of the product.  Indirect costs are those costs which…

Read More

Fixed and Variable Costs

There are two main types of costs – fixed and variable.  If something is being manufactured, it consists of both fixed and variable costs.  Fixed costs are those that do not change based on a quantity.  This means the cost is fixed if you produce 1 or 1000 pieces.  Some of these costs would be…

Read More

Job Costing Software

Job Costing has been around for many years to determine the cost of manufacturing a given product.  The process by which the expenses are record is costing.  Job costing software should make the process of recording the transaction simpler and not more difficult and time consuming.  Job costing software is not like cost accounting because it does…

Read More

Techniques for Cost Estimating

The basic cost estimating techniques involve analyzing all factors that make up a cost estimate. The first technique I would follow is to go through the following steps, systematically, and costing each one out in detail. Once you have gone through the basic steps, you will have all the cost information required for the estimate. 1.…

Read More

Purpose of Cost Estimating

There are numerous purposes behind cost estimating, including the following: 1. A manufacturer can determine if the project or product is cost-effective to the manufacturer prior to the manufacturing process. 2. There are various alternatives to manufacturing and cost estimating can determine the economic feasibility of manufacturing the project or product by different methods 3.…

Read More

Estimating the Costs of Estimates

An interesting situation when creating estimates is determining which estimates to spend time on and which estimates are too costly to put the effort into.  In a tough economy, your company takes on jobs that don’t lead to a reasonable profit, but you will do almost anything to keep your machines busy.  This is a…

Read More

Cost Estimate Types

There are different types of cost estimates including “Rough Approximation” of cost which can be a conceptual design, preliminary design and then a detailed estimate or quote. Rough Approximation The rough approximation is really prepared for informational purposes only.   This type of estimate may not have geometry or even materials but just a rough idea…

Read More

Estimating Software Guide

There are many different type of software estimating package for made to order manufacturing Made to order manufacturing includes any custom job shop type work including sheet metal, machining, wood working, stamping, press work, printing which all require customized quotes.   Quotes include both operation and bill of material.  Below you will find a checklist…

Read More

Exploded Bill Of Materials

Estimating large projects requires an exploded bill of materials in order to get a good understanding of the requirements.   The larger the project you have to estimate the more in depth the bill of materials will be.   If you are estimating you want to make sure all the bills of materials are entered…

Read More

What Are Bill Of Materials?

A good definition of Bill of materials comes from wikipedia Bill of materials (BOM) is a list of the raw materials, sub-assemblies, intermediate assemblies, sub-components, components, parts and the quantities of each needed to manufacture an end item or final product. All products have bill of material from engineering bill of materials, manufacturing bill of…

Read More